WHAT SETS MOBILITY TAPE APART IS THE SCIENCE BEHIND IT.
Heat therapy dates back thousands of years to ancient Egyptians and Greeks that used it recreationally and for healing and pain reduction. Modern science confirms that the three most effective methods of transferring heat are conduction, convection and radiation.
Mobility Tape utilizes conduction; transferring heat at the molecular level through physical contact.
Heat conduction typically depends on four factors:
- Temperature gradient
- Cross section of the materials
- Path length
- Properties of the materials
Enhanced Heat Conduction with Mobility Tape
- Heat is produced by the active agents in the tape, camphor
and menthol; temperature gradient is not applicable.
- The material’s small cross section is just 2 inches wide
with limitless choices of length.
- Path length is negligible as it is applied directly to the skin.
- The properties of the material itself enhance conduction.
The Beneficial Effects of Heat on the Body
- Heat dilates both arterioles, venules and capillaries.
- Heat effectively increases blood flow and circulation.
- Increased blood flow allows muscles to relax, increasing range
of motion and flexibility to the muscle, tendons and ligaments.
- Heat is proven to decrease pain and discomfort.
The Science of Menthol and Camphor
Mobility Tape uses menthol and camphor, highly effective topical counterirritants. Cells in the body have pain sensing ion channels known as TRP – transient receptor potential. TRPA1 is an ion channel on the plasma membrane of many human cells. This ion channel serves as a sensor for environmental irritants, pain, cold and stretching. (L.J. Macpherson et al. 2006).
These ion channels are responsible for part of the cutaneous thermal and pain sensation pathways and several different ion channels have been isolated and identified. As an example, TRPM8 is a cold activated channel; TRPV3 is a warm activated channel. These are predominantly expressed within sensory neurons of the trigeminal and dorsal root ganglia. At the neuronal level, menthol and camphor cause shifts in the voltage of the synapses as well as cause a release or influx of calcium through the ion channels (Patapoutian et al., 2003).
Menthol and camphor are proven to inactivate the TRPA1 ion channels, decreasing the sensation of pain. Menthol has been shown to activate TRPV3 providing a sensation of warmth at temperatures above 37-C. At lower temperatures, a cooling sensation is activated.
With transdermal application, only 2% (¨100 mM) of menthol is required to enhance epidermal penetration and increase the accessibility of other molecules (Xu, Blair & Clapham, 2005).
These are substantially lower levels than typical over the counter menthol/camphor rubs or creams (Martin et al., 2004).
Martin, D., Valdez, J., Boren, J., Mayersohn, M., 2004. Dermal absorption of camphor, menthol, and methyl salicylate in humans. J. Clin. Pharmacol. 44, 1151 – 1157
Patapoutian, A., Peier, A.M., Story, G.M., Viswanath, V., 2003. ThermoTRP channels and beyond: mechanisms of temperature sensation. Nat. Rev., Neurosci. 4, 529 – 539.
Xu, H., Blair, N.T., Clapham, D.E., 2005. Camphor activates and strongly desensitizes the transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 channel in a vanilloid-independent mechanism. J. Neurosci. 25, 8924 – 8937